Bird Prints

Find your favourite bird print from the polar regions. While penguins and albatrosses are perhaps the best known of Antarctic marine birds, petrels, prions, fulmars and shearwaters form the majority of species that inhabit the region. Nesting grounds are limited, being confined to the scattered subantarctic islands and ice-free localities during the austral summer on the Antarctic continent and Antarctic Peninsula.

Marine birds of the Southern ocean also include gulls, terns and two species of cormorant. Endemic terrestrial birds of this region are few and include the South Georgia pipit and species of freshwater duck on South Georgia and Kerguelen. Two species of sheathbill, pigeon-like shorebirds of scavenging habit, are also restricted to the region. Many other land birds have been recorded as vagrants, but these invariably succumb to the extreme conditions or predators.

In comparison, the Arctic is seasonally populated by roughly 200 species of birds, corresponding to about 2% of global avian species diversity. The vast majority of species only spends a small portion of each year in the Arctic – but it is here that reproduction takes place. Of the 162 species for which more than half of their breeding range falls in the terrestrial or marine Arctic, the best-known representatives are likely the iconic puffin, a number of cormorants species, the most far-ranging fliers in the world, the Arctic tern, as well as several Eagle species, ducks gulls and last but not least the guillemot as one of many auks.

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